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How Does a Photocopy Machine Work?

Have you been running hundreds or thousands of copies every month for your business? Do you have an idea how the photocopy machine works?

One of the most important and universal pieces of equipment in any business is a photocopier. However, many people use the machine without any understanding of the how the machine actually works. It may be worthwhile to learn how it works, to help you identify issues or malfunctions when things go wrong. Here is our trusted guide on how the photocopy machine works.

What are the main components of a photocopier?

Although there are many different parts inside the photocopier, the actual photocopying process relies on only a few, key components. These are the photoreceptor drum or belt, the corona wires, the lamp and lenses, toner and fuser. The drum, is the main driving force of any photocopier, while the corona wires create the positive charges that need to be generated on the drum and paper.

Actual steps that take place to make a copy

The document to be copied is then placed upside down on the glass and the number of copies selected. Once the copy button is pressed, an intense light moves across the paper. The light gets reflected from white areas of the paper, passes through the lenses and falls on a photosensitive drum. As the drum rotates, it gets coated with a layer of toner particles, which are like dry black ink. The toner is negatively charged, so it sticks to the electrical shadow and makes an inked image of the original page on the belt.

A sheet of blank paper from the copier tray, feeds up towards the first belt on another conveyor belt. The sheet gets positively charged and as it passes over the surface of the drum, it attracts the particles of the toner away from the drum onto the paper. The inked paper then passes through two hot rollers (the fusers) and the heat and pressure generated, cause the toner particles to stick permanently onto the paper. The image from the original piece of paper is reformed and the final copy emerges from the side of the copier.

What about colour copies?

As for the colour photocopies, the process occurs in layers, where one colour is applied, then the next, and so on. There are four separate units that are formed one by one, that is the cyan, yellow, magenta and black powder images which are then superimposed to produce full-colour documents.

Do you need and further information about photocopiers and more?

Contact Copysmart today for a variety of photocopiers and printers that deliver flexibility plus a wide range of features. With our highly experienced staff and electronic technicians, you are guaranteed of the most reliable office services and products. Call our sales and service staff members on 0418 631 266, 0411 530 531, 0405 836 876 and 0449 951 304 or visit our website on https://www.copysmart.com.au/

 

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